by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

The following are also considered graphics applications

Paint programs: Allow you to create rough freehand drawings. The images are stored as bit maps and can easily be edited. It is a graphics program that enables you to draw pictures on the display screen which is represented as bit maps (bit-mapped graphics). In contrast, draw programs use vector graphics (object-oriented images), which scale better.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

Computer graphics is an art of drawing pictures, lines, charts, etc using computers with the help of programming. Computer graphics is made up of number of pixels. Pixel is the smallest graphical picture or unit represented on the computer screen. Basically there are two types of computer graphics namely.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

A frame buffer is a large, contiguous piece of computer memory. At a minimum  there is one memory bit for each pixel in the rater; this amount of memory is called a bit  plane. The picture is built up in the frame buffer one bit at a time.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

Today there are very few aspects of our lives not affected by computers. Practically every cash or monetary transaction that takes place daily involves a computer. In many cases, the same is true of computer graphics. Whether you see them on television, in newspapers, in weather reports or while at the doctor’s surgery, computer images are all around you.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

The primary output device in a graphics system is a video monitor. The operation of most video monitors is based on the standard cathode ray tube (CRT) design.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

As ancient says “ a pixel is worth thousand words”, graphics is essential everywhere to understand the things, concepts, etc easily. Computer graphics is useful in almost all part of our life. In the following sections we are discussing some of the popular areas of computer graphics.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

A pixel (short for picture element, using the common abbreviation "pix" for "picture") is one of the many tiny dots that make up the representation of a picture in a computer's memory. Each such information element is not really a dot, nor a square, but an abstract sample.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

Data compression is the function of presentation layer in OSI reference model. Compression is often used to maximize the use of bandwidth across a network or to optimize disk space when saving data.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

In Shadow Mask CRT tiny holes in a metal plate separate the colored phosphors in the layer behind the front glass of the screen. The holes are placed in a manner ensuring that electrons from each of the tube's three cathode guns reach only the appropriately-colored phosphors on the display.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

Interactive graphics display consists of three components

 

a) A display controller

b) A digital memory or frame buffer

c) A television monitor

d) A video controller

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

When choosing a monitor, one of the factors that the customer usually considers is the refresh rate. A high refresh rate is important in providing a clear picture and avoiding eye fatigue.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

Image resolution describes the detail an image holds. The term applies equally to digital images, film images, and other types of images. Higher resolution means more image detail. Image resolution can be measured in various ways. Basically, resolution quantifies how close lines can be to each other and still be visibly resolved.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

All operations on computers are in terms of 0’s and 1’s and hence figures are also to be stored in terms of 0’s and 1’s. Thus a picture file, when viewed inside the memory, can be no different from other files – a string of Os and 1s. However, their treatment when they are to be displayed makes the difference. Pictures are actually formed with the help of frame-buffer display as follows

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

A bitmap is an image or shape of any kind-a picture, a text character, a photo-that's composed of a collection of tiny individual dots. A wild landscape on your screen is a bitmapped graphic, or simply a bitmap. Remember that whatever you see on the screen is composed of tiny dots called pixels. When you make a big swipe across the screen in a paint program with your computerized "brush," all that really happens is that you turn some of those pixels on and some off. You can then edit that bitmapped swipe dot by dot; that is, you can change any of the pixels in the image. Bitmaps can be created by a scanner, which converts drawings and photographs into electronic form, or by a human artist (like you) working with a paint program.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

Aspect ratiois a fancy term for "proportion," or the ratio of width to height. for example 4:3 for a computer screen. For instance, if a direction in a software manual tells you to "hold down the Shift key while you resize a graphic in order to maintain the aspect ratio," it simply means that if youdon'thold down the Shift key you will stretch the image out of proportion.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

A technique called double buffering permits one set of data to be used while another is collected. It is used with graphics displays, where one frame buffer holds the current screen image while another acquires the bits that will make up the next image. When it is ready, the buffers are switched, the new screen is displayed, and the process continues. 

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

Resolution refers to the sharpness, or detail of the usual image. It’s a primary function of the monitor & it’s determined by the beam size & dot pitch. The screen is made up of a number of pixels.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

Pictures on a computer display or the process of creating pictures on a computer display. The term came into use when there was still a distinction between computers that could display only text and those that could also display pictures. This distinction is lost now that almost all computers employ a GRAPHICAL USER INTERFACE.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

graphical user interfaceis fondly called "GUI" pronounced "gooey." The word "graphical" means pictures; "user" means the person who uses it; "interface" means what you see on the screen and how you work with it. So a graphical user interface, then, means that you (the user) get to work with little pictures on the screen to boss the computer around, rather than type in lines of codes and commands.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Basic of Computer Graphics

Unfortunately, the concept of graphics of displaying pictures is lot more complicated than what has been described so far - evaluate the points using the equations, store them in a file and use raster graphics methods or use simple line drawing algorithms.

 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.