by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information System Planning

The plan for development and its implementation is a basic necessity for MIS. In MIS the information is recognized as major resource likecapital and time. If this resource has to be managed well, it calls upon themanagement to plan for it and control it, so that the information becomesa vital resource for the system.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information System Planning

A Strategic Information System can offer competitive advantage to an organization in the following ways:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information System Planning

A system analyst is responsible for analyzing, designing and implementing systems to fulfill organizational needs. He/she plays a vital role in making operational the management information system. The role of the system analyst has however changed.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information System Planning

Richard Nolan (1974) has discussed a framework for IS planning, popularly known as Nolan stage model. The basic premise of the model is that any organization will move through stages of maturity with respect to the use and management of IS. While progressing, an organization must go through each stage of growth before it can move to the next stage.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information System Planning

A wide variety of techniques are being applied for IS panning. However, organizations select these techniques based on the persuasive power of IS developers rather than on a sound logic.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information System Planning

Organizations that plan their information system tend to achieve better results than organizations that do not, yet studies reveal that many organizations either do not plan or do it unsystematically.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information System Planning

Enterprise resource planning involves procuring and accumulating the resources for their optimum utilization through integrating them at one place and giving multiple accesses to these resources. The broad sets of activities are supported by multi module application software.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Information System Planning

Information as a necessary evil: - Information was regarded as a necessary evil, associated with the development, production and marketing of products or services. Information was thus merely considered as a by-product of transactions in the organizations.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

Management information system is a set of systems which helps management at different levels to take better decisions by providing the necessary information to managers. Management information system is not a monolithic entity but a collection of systems which provide the user with a monolithic feel as far as information delivery, transmission and storage is concerned.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

MIS is set up by an organization with the prime objective to obtain management information to be used by its managers in decision-making. Thus, MIS must perform the following functions in order to meet its objectives.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

A management information system has the following characteristics:



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

Traditional Marketing: In traditional marketing, more importance is given on selling the product. They start with production and marketing is done while selling and promoting the product to attain sales at profit. In this technique, the existing products are imposed on the market through aggressive selling and promotional pressures.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

Data : Data is raw facts. Data is like raw material. Data does not interrelate and also it does not help in decision making. Data is defined as groups of non-random symbols in the form of text, images, voice representing quantities, action and objects.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

Quality of information refers to its fitness for use or its reliability. Some of the attributes of information which influence the quality of information are as follows:



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

To facilitate the management decision making at all levels of company, the MIS must be integrated. MIS units are company wide. MIS is available for the Top management. The top management of company should play an active role in designing, modifying and maintenance of the total organization wide management information system.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

Quality of information is an important concept. Information quality is a multi-attribute concept. If the attributes that define quality of information are of good quality or of high value then the information is said to have good quality. The attributes of quality of information are:



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

MIS when properly developed and used in an organization brings in a lot of benefits for the organization. A list of the benefits of MIS for a organization are:

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

Even though MIS has many benefits it has its limitations. MIS is sometimes considered a solution for every bane within an organization. While MIS may solve some critical problems but it is not a solution to all problems of an organization. The limitations of MIS may be stated as,

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

The value of information is a very slippery concept as information per se does not have any universal value. Its value is related to the person who uses it, when he uses it and for what he uses it. Any assessment of the value of information is therefore related to the value of the decision-making supported by such information.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: MIS

(i) Qualified System and Management Staff : The prerequisite of an effective MIS is that it should be managed by qualified officers. These officers should have a mutual understanding about the roles and responsibilities of each other and be understand clearly the view of their fellow officers. For this, each organization should have two categories of officers :

 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.