by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Random Access Memory (RAM) is the best known form of Computer Memory. The Read and write (R/W) memory of a computer is called RAM. The User can write information to it and read information from it.With Ram any location can be reached in a fixed ( and short) amount of time after specifying its address.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Printers are Output devices used to prepare permanent Output devices on paper. Printers can be divided into two main categories :

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

A printer is an output device that prints characters, symbols, and perhaps graphics on paper. The printed output is generally referred to as hardcopy because it is in relatively permanent form. Softcopy refers to temporary images such as those displayed on a monitor. Printers are categorized according to whether or not the image produced is formed by physical contact of the print mechanism with the paper. Impact printers have contact; nonimpact printers do not.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

When a Process is executed by the CPU and when a user Request for another Process then this will create disturbance for the Running Process. This is also called as the Interrupt.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

ROM Definition: It is an example of nonvolatile memory.  ROM full form is Read Only Memory. It is a class of storage medium used in computers and other electronic devices. Read Only Memory (ROM), also known as firmware, is an integrated circuit programmed with specific data when it is manufactured. The instructions for starting the computer are housed on Read only memory chip.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

CISC (Complex Instruction Set Computer) : It was developed by Intel. CISC is a type of design for the computers. CISC based computer will have shorter programs which are made up of symbolic machine language.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

As we know that the Main Memory Stores the data in a Temporary Manner means all the data will be loss when the Power switched off. And all the data will be loss when the power goes switched off.

So that we uses the Secondary Storage devices those are used for Storing the data in a Permanent Manner means all the Data will remain Stored whether the Power is Switched on or Switched off means the Power Will never effect on the System. For storing the data in a Permanent Manner we uses the Magnetic Storage Devices. There are also Some Advantages of Secondary Storage Devices.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Storage Device is a device for recording (storing) information (data). Recording can be done using virtually any form of energy.storage device is a hardware device capable of storing information. There are two storage devices used in computers; a primary storage device such as computer RAM and a secondary storage device such as a computer hard disk drive.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

A device for storing digital information that is fabricated by using integrated circuit technology. Also known as integrated-circuit memory; large-scale integrated memory; memory chip; semiconductor storage; transistor memory.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

In computing, an access method is a program or a hardware mechanism that moves data between the computer and an outlying device such as a hard disk (or other form of storage) or a display terminal.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Associative memory: A type of computer memory from which items may be retrieved by matching some part of their content, rather than by specifying their address (hence also called associative storage or Content-addressable memory (CAM).) Associative memory is much slower than RAM, and is rarely encountered in mainstream computer designs.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Primary Storage, also known as main storage or memory, is the main area in a computer in which data is stored for quick access by the computer's processor. Information must be transferred to primary storage. On today's smaller computers, especially personal computers and workstations, the term random access memory (RAM) - or just memory - is used instead of primary, main storage, core memory, or immediate access storage, internal storage, and the hard disk, diskette, CD, and DVD collectively describe secondary storage or auxiliary storage.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Line Printers :- Line Printer can Print One Line at a Time. The line printer is a form of high speed impact printer. They can Print 300 to 3000 Lines per Minute. So that they are very fast. Large Computer system typically use Line Printer. The Line Printers are of two Types.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Hard Disk Drive Definition: It is also called HDD,"disk drive," (hard drive) or harddisk is a non-volatile. The hard disk drive is the primary storage unit of the computer. This is where your data, programs and the Windows system that is used to make your computer are physically saved in a digital form (string composed of 0s and 1s). There harddisk capacity is expressed in gigabytes (GB). More hard disk drive will have a large capacity, the more you can install programs or store documents in your computer.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Definition: Auxiliary memory (also referred to as secondary storage) is the non-volatile memory lowest-cost, highest-capacity, and slowest-access storage in a computer system. It is where programs and data kept for long-term storage or when not in immediate use.

Such memories tend to occur in two types-sequential access (data must access in a linear sequence) and direct access (data may access in any sequence). The most common sequential storage device is the hard disk drives, whereas direct-access devices include rotating drums, disks, CD-ROMs, and DVD-ROMs.It used as permanent storage of data in mainframes and supercomputers.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

All Optical media (CD, DVD, Blu-Ray etc.) have pits and lands. These are microscopic and represent the binary information of the data stored on the disc. A land is reflective and reflects the laser into a sensor to register it as a I, but when the light hits a pit, it shatters and no reflection is received, thus a O is registered



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Until now you may have not seriously considered using a printer. After all, if you do not use your personal computer to play or to calculate your family budget you do not really need a hard copy of what is displayed on the screen.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Memory mapping is the translation between the logical address space and the physical memory. The objectives of memory mapping are (1) to translate from logical to physical address, (2) to aid in memory protection (q.v.), and (3) to enable better management of memory resources. Mapping is important to computer performance, both locally (how long it takes to execute an instruction) and globally (how long it takes to run a set of programs). In effect, each time a program presents a logical memory address and requests that the corresponding memory word be accessed, the mapping mechanism must translate that address into an appropriate physical memory location. The simpler this translation, the lower the implementation cost and the higher the performance of the individual memory reference.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Magnetic Ink Character Recognition(MICR) is a technique that enables special characters printed in magnetic ink to be read and input rapidly to a computer. When a document that contains this ink needs to be read, it passes through a machine, which magnetizes the ink and then translates the magnetic information into characters.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Memory

Primary memory is also known as main memory or may also refer to "Internal memory." and primary storage. All those types of computer memories that are directly accessed by the processor using data bus are called primary memory. That allows a processor to access stores running programs and currently processed data that stored in a memory location.



 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.