Chapter 3: Network Technologies

 

by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

The ISDN technology (Integrated Services Digital Network, or ISDN) means complete digitization so that all communication established in digital form, providing a wide range of services.

Integrated Services Digital Network is a telephone system network. It is a wide area network becoming widely available. Prior to the ISDN, the phone system was viewed as a way to transport voice, with some special services available for data. The key feature of the ISDN is that it integrates speech and data on the same lines, adding features that were not available in the classic telephone system.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

The Token-Passing Protocol relies on a control signal called the token. A token is a 24-bit packet that circulates throughout the network from NIC to NIC in an orderly fashion. If a workstation wants to transmit a message, first it must seize the token. At that point, the workstation has complete control over the communications channel. The existence of only one token eliminates the possibility of signal collisions. This means that only one station can speak at a time.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

A communications device that multiplexes (combines) several signals for transmission over a single medium. A demultiplexer completes the process by separating multiplexed signals from a transmission line. Frequently a multiplexer and demultiplexer are combined into a single device capable of processing both outgoing and incoming signals. A multiplexer is sometimes called a mux.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

In Computer network, a proxy server is a server (a computer system or an application program) that acts as an intermediary for requests from clients seeking resources from other servers. A client connects to the proxy server, requesting some service, such as a file, connection, web page, or other resource, available from a different server.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

Divides Application Processing across multiple machines.Non-critical data and functions are processed on the client Critical functions are processed on the server

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

Client/Server Architecture The client/server architecture significantly decreased network traffic by providing a query response rather than total file transfer. It allows multi-user updating through a GUI front end to a shared database. Remote Procedure Calls (RPCs) or standard query language (SQL) statements are typically used to communicate between the client and server.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

A server process (program) fulfills the client request by performing the task requested. Server programs generally receive requests from client programs, execute database retrieval and updates, manage data integrity and dispatch responses to client requests.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

The client is a process that sends a message to a server process requesting that the server perform a task. Client programs usually manage the user-interface portion of the application, validate data entered by the user, dispatch requests to server programs, and sometimes execute business logic.

 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

Server: A server is a computer program or device in the network that provides resources, data, services, or programs to the client computer such as login requests processing, files access and storage, internet access, printing access and many other types of services. This architecture is called the client-server model. Servers are often referred to as dedicated.



 
by Dinesh Thakur Category: Network Technologies

Frequency-Division Multiplexing (FDM) is a scheme in which numerous signals are combined for transmission on a single communications line or channel. It is analog multiplexing technique. Each signal is assigned a different frequency (sub channel) within the main channel. its requires channel synchronization. FDM multiplexing technique is based on orthogonality of sinusoids.

 

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About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.C.A, MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.



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