by Dinesh Thakur

Association is nothing more than  a connection that exists between two classes.  We use the objects of these classes to set up the connection. Association can be  done in three ways one-to-one, one-to-many and many-to-many. Let’s have a look at an example showing how association is implemented in Java.

 
by Dinesh Thakur

The super() keyword is used to reference objects for the immediate parent class. A subclass inherits the accessible data fields and methods from its superclass, but the constructors of the superclass are not inherited in the subclass. They can only be invoked from constructors of the subclass( es) using the keyword super.

 
by Dinesh Thakur

Java applet inherits features from the class Applet. Thus, whenever an applet is created, it undergoes a series of changes from initialization to destruction. Various stages of an applet life cycle are depicted in the figure below:

 
by Dinesh Thakur

The listener class that implements the Listener interface must provide bodies for all of the methods of that interface. It is not a problem for all the semantic listener interfaces such as ActionEvent, ItemEvent, TextEvent, AdapterEvent as each of them declares only one method. However, for all the low-level listener interfaces where each interface contains multiple methods, implementing each method can be somewhat tedious, especially when we have to define methods in which we are not interested. For example: Suppose we are interested in setting up only one listener interface method windowClosing() of the WindowListener interface that causes the program to terminate. In that case, we would not only need to provide code for windowClosing() method but also need to write empty bodies for the other methods available in the WindowListener interface.

 
by Dinesh Thakur

A Java method is a collection of statements, all performing a particular operation.  Let’s say that you were calling the method called System.out.println(); Java executes some different statements that print a message to your console.  We’re going to look at the creation of methods or, as they often called, functions.

 
by Dinesh Thakur

OLE definition is that, OLE (pronounced as oh-leh) was originally mean as 'object linking and embedding', it is a Microsoft compound document technology based on Component Object Model (COM), It is introduced into Microsoft Windows 3.1. 'OLE (object linking and embedding)' gives all Windows applications a standard way to create compound documents that create objects within one microsoft application and embed them into other document. OLE object meaning is graphic,spreadsheet,msword, etc. that can be embedded into a document called the "container application." If the object allowed to be edited, the application associated with it is called "server

application".

 
by Dinesh Thakur

In computers, parallel computing is closely related to parallel processing (or concurrent computing). It is the form of computation in which concomitant ("in parallel") use of multiple CPUs that is carried out simultaneously with shared-memory systems to solving a supercomputing computational problem. Parallelism is the process of large computations, which can be broken down into multiple processors that can process independently and whose results combined upon completion. Parallelism has long employed in high-performance supercomputing.

 
by Dinesh Thakur

Definition: A minicomputer is also known as mini. It is a class of small computers that was introduced into the world in the mid-1960s. A minicomputer is a computer which has all the features of a large size computer, but its size is smaller than those. A minicomputer lies between the mainframe and the microcomputer because its size is smaller than the former one and larger than the latter one. A minicomputer is also called as a mid-range computer. Minicomputers are mainly multi-users systems where more than one user can work simultaneously. Mini computer examples: IBM’s AS/400e, Honeywell200, TI-990



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Arithmetic Logic Unit (ALU): A subunit within a computer's central processing unit. ALU alu full form is Arithmetic Logic Unit , takes the data from Memory registers; ALU contains the logical circuit to perform mathematical operations like subtraction, addition, multiplication, division, logical operations and logical shifts on the values held in the processors registers or its accumulator.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Definition: ENIAC stands for Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer. ENIAC was introduced in the world by J. Presper Eckert and John Mauchly at the University of Pennsylvania. Earlier ENIAC was used to calculate the artillery firing tables for the Ballistic Research Laboratory of United States Army.

ENIAC was the first electronic computer which was used for general purposes like solving numerical problems.The first task done by ENIAC was performing calculations for the manufacturing of a hydrogen bomb.ENIAC can be reprogrammed for the salvation of the computer related problems.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

The Definition and meaning of mainframe has shifted from its original reference to the main housing, or frame, that contained the central processing unit (CPU) of the computer. In those days, all computers were big-like the size of a garage and the frame for the CPU might have been as big as a walk-in closet. Now mainframe refers to the kind of large computer that runs an entire corporation.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Definition: A supercomputer is the fastest computer in the world that can process a significant amount of data very quickly. The computing Performance of a "supercomputer" is measured very high as compared to a general purpose computer. The computing Performance of a supercomputer is measured in FLOPS (that is floating-point operations per second) instead of MIPS. The supercomputer consists of tens of thousands of processors which can perform billions and trillions of calculations per second, or you can say that supercomputers can deliver up to nearly a hundred quadrillions of FLOPS.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

What is 32-bit: 32-bit tells us that the number of bits that can be processed or transmitted. In another way, you can say that the number of bits that can be used for the single element in a data format.
32-bit is a type of CPU (Central Processing Unit) architecture that can transfer 32 bits of data per clock cycle or you can say that it is the amount of information that the CPU can process every time it performs an operation.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Definition: Micro Computer is a small computer. Your personal computers are equivalent to the microcomputer. Mainframe and Mini Computer is ancestor of microcomputer. Integrated Circuit fabrication technology reduces the size of Mainframe and Minicomputer.
Technically, a microcomputer is a computer in which the CPU (central processing unit, the brains of the computer) is contained on one single chip, a microprocessor, input/output devices and storage (memory) unit. All these components are important for a proper working of microcomputer.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Grid computing is a group of computers physically connected (over a network or with Internet) to perform a dedicated tasks together, such as analysing e-commerce data and solve a complex problem. Grids are a form of "super virtual computer" that solve a particular application.The grid size may vary from small to large enterprises network.

A computing grid is constructed with the help of grid middleware software that allows them to communicate. middleware is used to translates one node information passed stored or processed information to another into a recognizable format. It is the form of "distributed computing" or "peer-to-peer computing".



 
by Dinesh Thakur

In 1640s, Computer term was first used as "one who calculates."  From 1897, term changed and got a new computer meaning "Calculating machine". From 1945 the term indicates as "programmable digital electronic computer".



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Definition: Analytical Engine is known for the world’s first special-purpose mechanical computer and set the blueprint for the modern computer. It is designed by famous English Mathematician Charles Babbage between 1834 and 1846. Charles use brass gears to built the Analytical Engine, it's not electric that is powered by steam engine.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

You’ve probably heard in computing industry, when you download a piece of software, the term 32-bit and 64-bit. Definition of term is that, it is used for processor, Operating System, install a game, computer driver etc.so we help you understand what the difference need to know about 32-bit vs. 64-bit architecture.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

"Who invented the first computer?" is not an answer to be replied in one word or name and you are sorted, the answer is not depends on single machine, computer is made up collection of different parts, each part is a separate invention and it’s separate inventor. So the answer depends on different classification of computers.



 
by Dinesh Thakur

Computer has making human life faster because of its incredible speed,Accuracy and storage, with which human can save anything and search it out easily when needed. We can say computer a versatile machine because it is very flexible in performing their jobs. but Computers have several important advantages and disadvantages.



 

Page 4 of 6

About Dinesh Thakur

Dinesh ThakurDinesh Thakur holds an B.SC (Computer Science), MCSE, MCDBA, CCNA, CCNP, A+, SCJP certifications. Dinesh authors the hugely popular blog. Where he writes how-to guides around Computer fundamental , computer software, Computer programming, and web apps. For any type of query or something that you think is missing, please feel free to Contact us.